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UNESCO World Heritage Centre. This currency first started being used because it was difficult to ship cash to places where government purchases were being made so the government decided that to help make things more efficient, the government would begin paying merchants with money certificates which was referred to as flying cash. Learn. Porters also carried imported goods (see Table 2 in Part 2: Zanzibar's Commercial Exports) and local products (iron hoes and salt). n. The economy of Song China flourished as a result … This is very heavy in trade and inter-connectivity. Modern History. In addition to Turkish and Persian, the term was widely used in Arabic as well, and examples of such buildings are found throughout the Middle East from as early as the Ummayyad period. Gravity. Unit 2: Networks of Exchange Exam Study Guide C. 1200 - c. 1450 Topic 2.1 Silk Roads Learning This is the big one. Persian / Iranian Caravanserai is one of the amazing architectural structures in the history of architecture, which played the role of connecting bridges between civilizations and societies. Summary: Although Afro-Eurasia and the Americas remained separate from one another, this era witnessed a deepening and widening of old and new networks of human interaction within and across regions. [7], The word serai is sometimes used with the implication of caravanserai. "[17] Other significant urban caravanserais were built along the Grand Trunk Road in the Indian subcontinent, especially in the region of Mughal Delhi and Bengal Subah. Some key examples are caravanserai, roadside inns along trade routes merchants could rest in, bills of exchange, which were essentially early IOUs similar to paper … AP World History - Unit 3. List of Seljuk hans and kervansarays in Turkey, List of streets, hans and gates in Grand Bazaar, Istanbul, "Caravanserais: cross-roads of commerce and culture along the Silk Roads | Silk Roads Programme", "caravanserai | Origin and meaning of caravanserai by Online Etymology Dictionary", "Strong's Greek: 3829. πανδοχεῖον (pandocheion) -- an inn", "alhóndiga in the Diccionario de la Real Academia Española", http://classics.mit.edu/Herodotus/history.mb.txt, "Seljuk Caravanserais on the route from Denizli to Dogubeyazit", "Waqf: The backbone of Ottoman beneficence", Catalogue of Georeferenced Caravansaras/Khans, Traditional Persian residential architecture, Traditional water sources of Persian antiquity, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Caravanserai&oldid=986754293, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Articles containing Persian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 November 2020, at 20:30. View AP World History_ Unit 2 Study Guide.docx from SOCIAL STUDIES 45.0811051 at Sequoyah High School. Iran art as one of the richest art heritages in the world history and encompasses many disciplines including Calico (Ghalamkar), Gerehchini, Making National Musical Instruments of Iran (Tar & Setar), Silverwork, Woodcarving, Engraving (Ghalamzani), Inlaid work, Miniature, Tile working, Writing and calligraphy and pottery. National Geographic Headquarters [23][32][22], In Cairo, starting in the Burji Mamluk period, wikalas (urban caravanserais) were frequently several stories tall and often included a rab', a low-income rental apartment complex, which was situated on the upper floors while the merchant accommodations occupied the lower floors. Unit 2: Networks of Exchange Exam Study Guide C. 1200 - c. 1450 Topic 2.1 Silk Roads Learning [24][25][26] Many major religious complexes in the Ottoman and Mamluk empires, for example, either included a caravanserai building (like in the külliye of the Süleymaniye Mosque in Istanbul) or drew revenues from one in the area (such as the Wikala al-Ghuri in Cairo, which was built to contribute revenues for the nearby complex of Sultan al-Ghuri).[23][27][28]. Gravity. [25][34], Fallujah's Caravanserai in use, ca. Created by. Background. There were no roads or railroads. [20][21][22][23][14], In many parts of the Muslim world, caravanserais also provided revenues that were used to fund charitable or religious functions or buildings. Sometimes they had elaborate public baths (hammams), or other attached amenities such as a fountain or a sabil/sebil. Postclassical: 500CE - 1450CE. Privacy Notice |  In AP® World History, period 3 spans from 600 CE to 1450 CE and accounts for 20% of the material on the exam. Page 104. Travellers could come together and share new ideas in safety at these stopping places, usually located a day's journey from one another. The design of these buildings also reflected their protective purpose. You know it as a Trade Network, but the Silk Road began as the Han Dynasty was seeking allies to the West to help fight against the dreaded Xiongnu (basically, the bad guys in Mulan). Welcome to the AP World History subreddit. Trade across Turkey in medieval Seljuk times was dependent on camel trains (kervan, anglicized as caravan), which stopped by night in inns known as kervansaray or caravanserai , … World History Ch. Learn. caravanserai, forms of credit, and the development of money economies as well as the use of the compass, the astrolabe and larger ship designs. The interior of a caravanserai looked more like an inn than a fortress, however. AP World History Course and Exam Description 159 Short-Answer Questions Part B: Short-Answer Questions There are four short-answer questions on the exam. Abandoned caravanserai in Neyestānak, Iran, 18th-century[35] caravanserai in Sheki, Azerbaijan, Caravenserai Mosque in Murshidabad, India; built by Nawab Murshid Quli Khan of Bengal, 1823 etching of Bara Katra, or Great Caravanserai, in Dhaka, Bangladesh; built by the Mughal Prince Shah Shuja, 1817 sketch of the Choto Katra caravanserai in Dhaka, Bangladesh; built by the Mughal viceroy Shaista Khan, Entrance portal of the Wikala of Sultan Qaytbay, dating from 1477, south of Al-Azhar Mosque, Cairo, Ruins of a Silk Road caravanserai in Tash Rabat, Kyrgyzstan. remains of a destroyed building or set of buildings. Only a commodity such as ivory, commanding a very high price per pound, was worth the cost. 2 min read The English word Caravanserai, comes from a Turkish original, Kervansaray, which means “caravan-palace”. The Silk Road is the grand-daddy of them all. In contrast with the earlier trademark sound fusion of … [16] The term khan was also frequently used for this type of building in Egypt.[5]. Margot Willis, National Geographic Society, Andre Gabrielli, National Geographic Society. Silk Road Caravanserai. Unit 2: Networks of Exchange Exam Study Guide C. 1200 - c. 1450 Topic 2.1 Silk Roads Learning Objective Explain the causes and effects of growth of networks of exchange after 1200. Atemnkeng1. In contrast with the earlier trademark sound fusion of salsa, rock, and jazz, the album concentrated mostly on jazz-like instrumental passages.All but three tracks were instrumentals. Spell. [33][21] In addition to making the best use of limited space in a crowded city, this also provided the building with two sources of revenue which were managed through the waqf system. Anthropology, Sociology, Geography, Human Geography, Social Studies, Ancient Civilizations, World History. Urban versions of caravanserais also became important centers of economic activity in cities across these different regions of the Muslim world, often concentrated near the main souq areas, with many examples still standing in the historic areas of Damascus, Aleppo, Cairo, Istanbul, Fes, etc. Often built just outside the nearest town or village, they were encircled by immense walls resembling those of a fort. In fact, caravanserais were built at regular intervals so that merchants would not have to spend the night exposed to the dangers of the road. Join our community of educators and receive the latest information on National Geographic's resources for you and your students. AP World History is a fascinating survey of the evolution of human civilization from 1200 CE to the present. These inns were enclosed by large defensive walls against the night's uncertainties. They appeared roughly 32-40 kilometers (20–25 miles) apart—about a day’s journey—on the busiest Silk Road routes. The world was about to become a true global network as different regions in the NEXT period (1450-1750) began to interact. B) Identify and explain one reason that caravanserai shown on the map declined in significance in the period 1450-1750 CE The Rights Holder for media is the person or group credited. Some larger caravanserais also featured a bathhouse and prayer room. When they traveled on, they took much that was new and different along with them. The courtyard was almost always open to the sky, and the inside walls of the enclosure were outfitted with a number of identical animal stalls, bays, niches or chambers to accommodate merchants and their servants, animals, and merchandise. Text on this page is printable and can be used according to our Terms of Service. Name: _____ Date: _____ Period: _____ AP WORLD HISTORY: Unit 2 Vocabulary Clearly define, use correctly in a sentence and find an appropriate image for each vocabulary word. A merchant weighs the product he is about to sell to determine the price. Caravanserai marked a major turning point in Carlos Santana's career as it was a departure from his critically acclaimed first three albums. Cards In … This is THE land-based trade network. Any interactives on this page can only be played while you are visiting our website. Sims, Eleanor. Raduga Publishers, 1982. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. As you are reviewing for the post-classical era, focus on the key concepts and use the … Innovations such as the caravanserai, forms of credit, and the development of money economies. 254 pages. Related Topics. History Of Europe. A porter stood guard just past the gate, charged with safeguarding the persons, goods, and animals inside. This AP World History: Modern study guide for Unit 2 covers key topics with in-depth notes on Overview of Unit 2: Networks of Exchange ... Astrolabe, compass and caravanserai. Throughout most of the Islamic period (7th century and after), caravanserais were a common type of structure both in the rural countryside and in dense urban centers across the Middle East, North Africa, and Ottoman Europe. View is from the courtyard (sahn). Variously described as “guest houses,” “roadside inns,” and “hostels,” caravanserais were buildings designed to provide overnight housing to travelers. The English word Caravanserai, comes from a Turkish original, Kervansaray, which means “caravan-palace”. New Commercial Tech → Commercial Growth. They were needed as safe havens—not just from extreme climates and weather, but also from bandits who targeted caravans loaded with silks, spices, and other expensive goods. In: Michell, George. , The Islamic subdivision that believed that Ali should have ruled after Muhammad. Flashcards. Teachers and students are encouraged to post links, information, and questions that may help others as the attempt to conquer the AP World History Exam. ancient trade route through Central Asia linking China and the Mediterranean Sea. the Ribat-i Sharaf in Khorasan). Unit 2: Networks of Exchange Exam Study Guide C. 1200 - c. 1450 Topic 2.1 Silk Roads Learning Objective Explain the causes and effects of growth of networks of exchange after 1200. [5] The word comes from Greek pandocheion, lit. Caravanserais were roadside inns along major trade routes like the ancient Silk Road, that doubled as hubs for the exchange of goods, ideas, and culture. [5] However, the term was typically preferred for rural inns built along roads outside of city walls. Image Courtesy of gounesco.com. For more than 1,500 years, the network of routes known as the Silk Road contributed to the exchange of goods and ideas among diverse cultures. For the album by Santana, see. Merchants often gathered in large areas such as markets to sell their products. Or changing one thing for another merchant weighs the product he is about to become a global! About Christianity, Islam, Judaism, and ideas while they mingled at these trade hubs Unit 2 Guide-2.pdf... Played while you are visiting our website in your project or classroom,. ) could rest and recover from the travelling merchants ) as well as in (. 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